Write a Good Literature Review for Your Dissertation

dissertation-writingMany doctoral students have trouble with the literature review of their dissertation. This is particularly true for individuals whose strengths are in designing and constructing empirical research. The literature review is a very important part of the dissertation, however, and students should take care to make sure that they create a polished product. For many people, the literature review is the hardest part of a doctoral-level dissertation report. In fields such as the social sciences and statistics, individuals who are talented in their fields of study may not have quite such an easy time with the skills required to create a really solid literature review. Of course, an effective graduate program will have trained its doctoral candidates in the necessary activities, including research, academic writing, and organization of ideas. Nevertheless, many otherwise solid dissertations end up lacking in overall quality due to a mediocre literature review.

Why Are Literature Reviews Important?

The literature review situates your work in the relevant academic, scientific, and professional contexts. This is important because, in order to have any impact, the research you do needs to be part of a cultural conversation that takes place among everyone working in your area and related areas. If you don’t locate your own work within this conversation, you risk being ignored, no matter how important your work is otherwise. As an analogy, consider a conversation among a group of people at a coffee shop. According to acceptable rules of social interaction, each individual speaks when he or she can find an opportune moment and when what he or she has to say fits into the overall structure and flow of the conversation. If someone says something out of nowhere, or if the other people at the table don’t understand how it’s related, they will probably pass over the comment altogether. In rare instances, if the comment is interesting enough, they might try to find out how it is relevant, but unless it’s something truly new, this isn’t likely to happen.

How to Structure the Literature Review

Luckily, writing a really good literature review is not as daunting as it might seem, and by following a few guidelines and approaching the review in manageable chunks, you can create an excellent product that bolsters the quality and credibility of your report as a whole. In a basic sense, the literature review is just a research paper. In your undergraduate and graduate studies, you have probably written a large number of research papers, so you should be familiar with them. Usually, you are presented with a topic and you must research that paper and write a report presenting and synthesizing your research. The trouble with applying this to literature reviews is that the topic is very broad and no one will provide you with a specific topic. Of course, the general topic of the review is the same as the topic of your doctoral research. What doctoral candidates often don’t understand is how to structure the more specific points within this broad topic.

What to Include in the Literature Review

In deciding what to cover in your literature review, start by making a list of your variables. If you are doing empirical research, this should be easy, as your variables should be determined by your research proposal. In other types of research, this may be more difficult, but should be no trouble if you stick to listing the most important topics and subtopics. This list can serve as a very rough initial outline of your literature review. You will need to synthesize all the existing literature related to each of the variables or topics you have listed. In addition, you may be required by your institution to include research related to methodology.

How to Make the Literature Review Flow

Of course, it isn’t enough to have a series of short essays on the literature related to each subtopic you select for your outline. It is crucial for your literature review to be a single, cohesive whole, rather than a series of disjointed sections. This is probably the most difficult aspect for those who aren’t accomplished writers. In order to make sure that your literature review flows, consider at every step of the writing process how what you are writing relates to your study. It’s important to frequently remind the reader of exactly how and why each item of literature that you review is relevant to your own project. Additionally, in the introduction, summary, and transitions, think about the broad picture that you’d like the literature review to create in the reader’s mind. This will help you build a cohesive paper that updates the reader on the state of the field you are working in, shows a clear need for your study, and explains why your study is an important contribution.

Consider Investing in a Professional Editor

Taking this advice into consideration will greatly improve the quality of your literature review and your dissertation as a whole. Of course, because this document is so important to your education and to your career, it is worthwhile to invest in a professional editor or consultant to help you polish the final version. Many universities have writing centers for this purpose, but an outside opinion can often be useful as well. Above all, don’t assume, as many erroneously do, that the literature review is a required but unimportant element of the dissertation. In many ways, the literature review is the most important part of all.

Tips for Writing a Research Paper

Writing a Research PaperStudents who go in for higher studies will, in most likelihood encounter the need to write and submit a research paper. Many students are anxious about turning in a quality paper as they are inexperienced, but then student days are all about learning and once you have a research paper behind you, you will feel much more confident in the subject of your research. Writing a research paper can be a good learning experience and a rewarding one. Here are some tips on going about writing a research paper.

• A research paper is a formal recording of the findings of a detailed research after evaluating of the sources of information and a critical analysis. It is not just a compilation of all the primary and secondary sources of information related to the research topic. The conclusions of the researcher and his thought process in arriving at these conclusions must be set out concisely.

• A research paper can be an argumentative one or an analytical one. An argumentative paper takes a particular proposition – for example, is a high rate of tax good? – And sets out in detail the pros and cons of the proposition. The author may arrive at a conclusion or leave it open after setting out both sides of the case in detail. An analytical paper evaluates all the sources of information, considers existing propositions or interpretations on the subject and offers the author’s own interpretation.

• Choosing a topic is also important. While sometimes the student can choose from a list of suggested topics, he may also be allowed to choose one of his own. Choosing a topic itself requires some research to be aware of the existing knowledge in that subject and to be aware of the gaps that one can fill with research. The topic can also be fluid and change as the research progresses.

• The student must also be clear as to whom the research is targeted. Is it only intended to be read by the instructor or should it address the larger academic crowd? The paper must add to the existing body of knowledge in the topic of research.

• At the outset itself, it may be helpful to have an outline draft of the research paper so that there will not be too much deviation from the topic. This can also help to give a direction to the research. The draft can be revised any number of times as the research progresses.

Helpful College Application Tips

College Application TipsThe college admissions process can be overwhelming, daunting, and stressful for students and their parents. It can be even more challenging for those without a support system behind them, which is why the information in this article may be particularly useful. It is wise to seek out help when beginning the college application process, so take note.

One important thing to keep in mind is to not let the admissions process overwhelm you. A lot of students let it get the best of them and let the pressure of being accepted and being able to afford it weigh them down. About 70% of college applicants get accepted, and according to a national survey of first year students, about 80% of those students got accepted into their first choice. Some of the stress is overrated, so don’t forget you do need to be mindful of the process, but also to enjoy your senior year. Try not to loose sleep over it.

If you don’t have the support system of family or good friends behind you, utilize the help of a favorite teacher, a coach, or an admissions councilor. They can help read your essays, push you to meet your deadlines, and help you have an understanding of what you need to submit. You would be smart to get as much help as possible.

Don’t forget to use your resources. Use college preparation books, websites, and anything else you can get your hands on. Check to see if your college or university offers any prep courses you can take. Often times these are free and very useful.

Staying organized is key in ensuring you maintain a calm nature. Create a calendar including all the required financial aid and application deadlines on it. Be sure to include any specific details you may need to make sure you don’t forget anything. Take notes and make lists of anything that you could possibly overlook. Write down any and all questions you have, no matter how big or small they may be.

One last helpful tip is to contact a financial aid representative. It doesn’t necessarily need to be the one at the college or university you’re seeking, but even just a local college. They normally have no problem helping a high school student in gaining some information about the process, and giving them an idea of what to expect when they actually do go to seek financial aid.

Again, search out help and utilize any useful information you can get your hands on. College is a great opportunity and you don’t want to pass it up. Your dreams and future goals could depend upon a solid education.

You Need to Get Started in Looking for Lovely Patio Furniture

If you are the kind of person that loves investing a lot of time outdoors, you are completely conscious of the significance of having top quality outdoor furniture. You would like an item that is certainly sturdy and also something which is very comfortable. In order to make that occur, you will find a good possibility in which you will need to to need to shop around.

Make sure you visit this site to check out the several alternatives concerning quality rattan furniture. You can be amazed at the various styles that are offered for any kind of patio.

One benefit of obtaining rattan garden furniture would be the fact it really is created to survive. It’s going to start looking remarkable for a long time. Therefore, you need to be cautious together with the choice that is made to buy this specific furniture. Discover an issue that is certainly luxurious and also something which can be intending to make people happy anytime enjoying friends and family members over. Sometimes, property owners prefer to make use of garden furniture inside their house. It is especially sensible, very comfy, plus its something else that’s going to always be perfect in any sort of household. That furniture is available in several colors and fashions also it can become decorated with seat covers and even toss pads.

Valuable Lessons I’ve Learned About Businesses

Who are the Experts Who Solve Home Electrical Issues?

At one point in life you have always had a need to fix your electrical system, an electrical appliance or even industrial defaults. An electrician is a good solution to these problems. Almost every kid in lower school had a dream of becoming an electrician in future. It was an interesting thing for a kid to act as if doing the job of an electrician. And as children grew, some people were able to maintain their dreams while others drifted away in the way. A person Who is responsible for fixing building wiring, stationary machines, and another related electrical equipment is referred to as an electrician. Electricians can either install or maintain electrical appliance to a given home or firm.

There are a number of tools and equipment that are used by electricians. Some of the equipment use electricity while others do not. Electricians are related to the following basic tools. Cutting, bending and pulling wire is done by heavy duty pliers known as a lineman’s pliers. A voltmeter is a necessary tool as it is used for the purpose of measuring the potential difference in electricity between two points of an electrical circuit. Presence of a Multi-meter that can be used in a given circuit to confirm the resistance, voltage and current. Knockout punch; responsible for punching holes into things such as boxes so that cables or wires can be easily passed through.

Electricians have always been needed in the current world. Electricians have come in handy in solving electrical issues. Shower systems can easily get spoiled. Electricians can assist in solving shower systems which can quickly break down because of the fact that water and electricity work together. Electricians are equipped with adequate knowledge of home shower systems. In case of electrical problems in your house, the right person to contact is an electrician.
Why People Think Services Are A Good Idea

Electrical appliances like television sets, mobile phones, laptops, kettles among others use electricity to make work easier and save time. Sometimes laptops break down or have faults. Maybe the laptop is so new that there is no way it is totally going to the dust bin. You can either decide to call an electrician to come to your place or decide to go to their offices. Electricians are always very serious with their work. They work with time and they rarely disappoint. Your problem will be mend as you wait or you could be referred to come some other time based on the people you find in line. Electricians always have enough if not too much on their table to work on.
Lessons Learned from Years with Experts

Electricians can solve emergency car breakdown that relates to wires and other electrical faults. Electricians are always schooled and well trained to solve some either moving or stationary electrical faults.

A Simple Plan: Loans

Benefits of Legal Financing

In finance, loans refer to money given out by an individual, firm or company to another individual, firm or company with the intention that it will be returned after an agreed time either with an interest or not. People tend to take loans when they cannot afford a given thing. For example banks offer loans that one can use to build a house which is to be paid in installments. Students can also get loans to help pay their education. They will then start paying immediately they get a job. A loan can be borrowed with the intention of starting a small business and the payments done monthly. It is possible to borrow lawsuit loans if you have an ongoing case and are straining financially.

Different types of people can find lawsuit loans very beneficial. It is easy to get a lawsuit loan to help in cases like falling sick or when one has lost his/her job. It is easy to have a normal financial life with a lawsuit loan. Your choice of a lawsuit loan company should totally depend on the different ways in which they operate. Companies exist inside countries or globally. The methods involved in firms are not the same. Below are the factors that make a good lawsuit loan company.

You should be on the lookout for the companies’ rates. To settle for the best company, take note of your kind of case and the ratings of a given company. Companies could either have fixed rates or rate according to the risk involved in a case. An individual in a case of high risks is advised to pick on a company with fixed rates. Companies that offer different ratings for different cases are important when you experience a low-risk case. Unlike the fixed ratings, this is will be cheaper for you.

A company with Unclear terms and conditions should never be a choice to you for the purpose of taking a lawsuit loan. Lawsuit companies that aren’t transparent should never be given much priority. Before you decide to sign a contract or apply for a lawsuit loan; you should go through and understand all the terms and conditions. The process involved in applying for a loan should not be hectic. Patience in such cases is a hard thing to maintain. Companies with less technical processes of application are the always the best. It takes less than 24 hours for a good company to process your loan application.
The 10 Commandments of Services And How Learn More

A lawsuit loan is beneficial in solving financial issues while your case is on. It could be necessary for solving mortgage payment, medical bills and in covering for other living expenses.The 10 Commandments of Services And How Learn More

Planning Ahead to Keep a Brand Fresh and Vital in the Minds of Clients

Top-of-mind brand building approaches are popular with many marketing professionals today, and for many good reasons. Ensuring that a brand never strays for too long from the minds of potential customers means keeping it fresh and vital at all times. As a result, the members of an audience become much more likely to incline in that direction on their own, whenever the relevant conditions arise. By keeping the top-of-mind currency of a brand in place, marketers can help develop a related momentum that will pay off for a long time to come.

Of course, aiming at this goal is often easier than accomplishing it or even figuring out ways that seem likely to result in success. Every kind of marketing is hard work, but making sure that a brand always stays near the forefront of an audience’s collective consciousness requires effort of a particularly enduring sort. What often turns out to matter the most is seizing even the smallest of opportunities as they arise and never letting any such opening pass by without action.

Wholesale Lanyards that are branded with a company’s logo and other assets, for example, can prove their worth many times over. While some will default to procuring such accessories on an as-needed basis, that can turn out to be short-sighted. Even with turnaround times being so low, having a stock ready to hand will make it much easier to take advantage of any opportunity that might arise in the future.

There are other benefits associated with being prepared in this way, too. Commissioning a large batch of accessories at once will normally mean gaining access to correspondingly attractive pricing, particularly when there will be no need to pay extra fees for rushed production or delivery. Planning ahead will also mean having the luxury of working through every possible detail to the greatest available extent, meaning that the quality of the results will often be more impressive.

Keeping a brand “top of mind” for potential customers therefore often means being prepared to make inroads at all times. A little planning ahead can prove to be just what is needed to make sure that the appeal and stature of a brand always remains obvious to clients.

What No One Knows About Muscles

Want to Learn How to Build Muscle Effectively and in a Fun Way as Well?

There are definitely countless individuals these days that want to become better in building muscles, but the fact remains that there is still a huge fail rate for such a goal. Now even though you will find plenty of great workout routines and diet plans for such a task on the internet these days, they are usually not enough to help you achieve the success that you seek. That said, if you are someone that wants to know how to build muscle in an effective but fun manner, then the information below will definitely help you out.

Perhaps the most important step to ensuring that you are able to successfully reach your goals is to plan things out in a realistic manner. A lot of people tend to make the mistake of going for workout plans that are basically too much for them to handle because of their current physical capabilities. It is important to really assess your current capabilities and go for training programs that are ideal for it. That way, you can maximize the effects of these programs and prevent burning yourself out as well.

Now when it comes to making things more fun throughout the process, it is important for you to consider getting a partner. Many people that tend to fail in achieving their goals of building muscles, usually agree that one reason for such a result, is the fact that they are doing it alone. With a partner, you will have more fun throughout the process, and that alone will definitely improve your chances of success.
The Ultimate Guide to Muscles

Last but not the least, it is crucial for you to make sure that once you begin the process of building your muscles, you have to carefully keep track of your progress. You can definitely improve the effectiveness of your workout routines this way because you will be able to make any necessary adjustments all throughout the process. Apart from that, being able to see the changes with your body unfold, is also a great way to keep yourself inspired throughout your journey.
Tips – Getting Started & Next Steps

Overall, it is important for people that want to learn how to build muscles effectively, that it is a task that actually requires a lot of sacrifice and hard work. That being said, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the journey can’t be fun at all, and that it will always be full of hardships. You can definitely consider going to a gym that has a very enjoyable and supportive community, or simply look for a partner to join you throughout the journey itself.

If You Think You Understand Patios, Then This Might Change Your Mind

Screened Porches are Good for Your Home

Having a screened porch gives your home a lot of advantages which will be shown below. Sometimes it helps to know the benefits you get of having a screened porch before we finally get convinced that it is better than having our porch open to the environment. Here are some of the reasons why it is most beneficial to have a screened porch than an open one.

Screened porches will prevent insects and bugs to go inside and so you can enjoy your outdoors without them. Because of insects and bugs that come out any time of the day or night, enjoying the outdoors is almost impossible. If you have a screened porch all these insects and bugs will be kept away so you can enjoy the outdoors.

In an enclosed porch, the whole family can enjoy quality time together doing activities together or eating dinner together. Enjoying the time with your family can all be done in your enclosed porch.
The Beginner’s Guide to Enclosures

An enclosed is an ideal place to spend time out with your friends as you invite them over to enjoy the outdoors with you. An enclosed porch is a place where everyone can enjoy a small get together.
What Has Changed Recently With Patios?

An enclosed porch is an ideal place to be alone to take a nap or to read a good book where no one can disturb you. You can stay in that porch for that much needed quiet time for as long as you like and it can also function as a sleeping porch for you.

If you have children and the outdoor weather is not so great, you can let them play in the enclosed porch. In an enclosed porch children can still use their imagination in the games that they can play there.

If you have an enclosed porch, then it adds value to your home. Some home owners have plans of putting their homes up for sale in the market, and having an enclosed porch will surely make the value of your home increase.

These are just some of the benefits that you can have if your porch is enclosed, and this gives you a reason why this is very popular with many people of today. Having seen the benefits of an enclosed porch should make you decide easily on having an enclosed porch or not. If you have your porch enclosed, you will be assured of many enjoyable afternoons there with your whole family.

What Research About Options Can Teach You

Why Does Your Business Need A Phone System?

There is a saying that what you pay is what you get, and this holds true in choosing a phone system for your business. You put all your effort in starting and making your business grow, and it is should be equally true to get the best system for your phone so you won’t have problems in the future.

For the moment, you pay very little with a free service for your growing business calls. On the other hand, what about if your business is getting bigger? Can afford to give an impression of a one man team to your market? If you are in for the long run, then you have to upgrade your phone system to a professional one. If you want to set up a professional phone system, there are several inexpensive VoIP hosted PBX options in the market that can set up your system, and with this you have ensured your growing business.

VoIP hosted PBX system has many advantages over a free phone system, and these are call queues, call reporting, call recording, and transcribed voicemails. If you want to have a real business, a free phone system is not advisable even with its features.
How to Achieve Maximum Success with Communications

There are many features that a VoIP hosted PBX phone system has against a free phone system.
Smart Ideas: Services Revisited

The advantages of a professional phone system over a free phone system are its admin login, separate user logins, call reporting, call queues, unlimited phone numbers, toll free numbers, logs for different numbers, an e911, dial by name directory, web faxing, music on hold, etc, etc.

Most free phone system lacks features because it does not have a SIP or Session Internet Protocol that a professional phone system has. Note that a system that use SIP has several advantageous over an old phone system. This is because the professional phone system can utilize many of the programmable features through SIP provider. A programming language called asterisk which is based on SIP, is regularly coming out with new perks for VoIP providers. Asterisk is available for free since it is an open source software.

If your system is the professional phone system, you can use free services on a soft phone. Soft phones are software programs that enable users to make and receive calls using the internet because it runs on a computer. To give an example of a soft phone is skype. Companies that are into call centers use these soft phones in lieu of a regular company phone.

Not available in a free phone system is the HD voice that is an advantage of a professional phone system. Voice calls sound is crisp and clear with HD feature, that makes you think the person you are talking to is beside you.

Other advantages of a professional phone system over a free phone system are it can assure privacy of your calls, it offers phone support, and definitely looks professional.

Practical and Helpful Tips: Repairs

The Basics on Cell Phone Repair

Cell phone repair has a lot of considerations, that you should think about like if it is will be worth the money to actually repair in the first place, or if it would be better if you go out and buy a new phone. Nowadays, cell phones cost a ton of money and some will even reach up to five hundred dollars, so if you have one of these expensive phones then you will most definitely will want to consider cell phone repair. Cell phone repair can be a life saver, because the last thing you will want to do is pay for another expensive phone. Because if you decide to get a new phone, you will have to break your current contract and this will cost money and then to get a new phone, you will have to pay for a new contract, so it can get pretty pricey just to be able to switch phones as you can see. So if you want to make sure you do not have to spend a fortune when your phone breaks, you will want to consider some cell phone repair services to help you out. Here is some different kinds of benefits that you will want to keep into mind of when it comes down to cell phone repair.

There is a lot of different components of a cell phone, so the first thing you will have to do is trouble shoot what is broken with your phone. Phones break for just about any kind of reason you can imagine, whether it is because you dropped it into the toilet, you dropped it on the hard cement, or you threw it against the wall. So if you want to actually repair your phone, there is a lot of aspects to think about such as the fact that it may cost you around hundred or so dollars to fix most phones, but the newer the phone the more it is going to cost. Some newer phones can cost around two hundred dollars to fix and this is because the technology is much more advanced and the parts are newer, so their prices are still expensive. However, pay a hundred to two hundred dollars can be expensive, but there is an even cheaper method and that is paying for cell phone insurance, which will cover any damage on your cell phone for a small fee. The price of the insurance is dictated by the phone you have, but generally you will have to pay around ten dollars. And that is the ins and that is the outs regarding cell phone repair and why it is a good idea to do.

A Simple Plan: Services

If You Think You Get Businesses, Then This Might Change Your Mind

What No One Knows About Support

Importance of Wearing Copper Compression Clothing

When it comes to athletes who are training at high levels, there are various accessories that they make use of which go a long way. During their training period, high level athletes need joint support, nutritional support as well as compressional gear which are very essential. The various sports wear which are infused with copper range from leggings, shorts as well as compressional shirts. By wearing these compressional gear, one is able to have a better workout session as the recovery is made much better making these gear very essential. These compression clothing is usually made of material that stretches which exerts slight pressure on one’s skin which stimulates blood circulation.

There is extra support provided by athletic compression tights to one’s joints especially at the joints such as on the elbows, knees as well as hips. By offering more support, this means that the athletes get to be stable on their movement which will help to prevent any injury from occurring. In doing so, their performance is thus able to escalate since their motion has been enhanced due to wearing compression tights. Those people who are athletes usually recover faster when training because their blood flow is usually stimulated when they wear compressional tights. One can therefore continue with their training sessions without any strain as they feel less pain.

There is an improvement of performance of those athletes who wear these gear even during hard sessions. This is because the material helps to significantly reduce the build-up of lactic acid on one’s body during the training session which may lead to soreness. Compression gear can also be worn after one is done with their training or workout session. Since the attire causes compression on one’s skin, the lactic acid forming will be pushed against by the tight material causing it to reduce. One’s muscles are able to heal better once the lactic acid reduces and more nutrients are brought into the muscles.

Technology has been incorporated into the making of these garments nowadays by infusing them, with nutrients and other elements. Once an athlete wears the compressional gear, they have the elements come into contact with their skin which will help in the recovery process. Copper infused compressional gear helps to reduce on pain as well as swelling on an athlete during training. Since one experiences less pain during training, they are able to perform way better.

When one trains while experiencing less pain during their sessions, they are bound to have better performance rates as it is consistent. Copper infused compressional gear provides an alternative for those athletes who have dropped out of training due to injuries as they are able to get less injuries.

Source: http://www.infinitelifefitness.com/2016/06/15/exercise-sos-how-to-prevent-knee-injuries/

Products: 10 Mistakes that Most People Make

Achieve Top Performance through Copper Compression Apparel

Appropriate training is among the most effective methods that could aid any sportsman to execute at his finest. Nevertheless, having nutritional vitamins, dietary supplements, and getting sufficient sleep would make a great advantage too. These are just the most typical methods that are advised by professionals, but one remarkably recommended approach to achieve athletic objectives is via the use of an item known as Copper compression apparel. Sports apparel such as compression sleeve for knee, legs, shirts and the like could enhance any sport activity as well as recovery making it a potent accessory for training and during the actual competition. The compression mechanism generates the right amount of pressure on the aspect of the body that would in turn increase blood flow, thus oxygenation, performance, and of course recuperation to the working muscles. Furthermore, it would help the quick body warming up and helps get rid of excessive lactic acid build up that causes the troublesome muscle pains. In just about every sports you get involved with, your system demands to recuperate at the earliest opportunity to proceed. The quicker you recover, the more time you allow your body to train, and the higher the chance you will meet your goals. In addition, compression sleeve for knee and other compression apparels can aid and support your body and reduces the possibility of severe injury. It could also give you the sense of confidence to do the highest performance level in your activity.

If you are wondering if the outcome of this approach is even true, you can take a look at internet sites that offer these types of items. You can check out legitimate feedback of real sportsmen who are making use of these sport wear. Major athletes of the track and field, football, gymnastics, and others would have a lot of tales to share on these items. They would relate to you their suffering, swelling, and other body aches they got after the training and how compression wears produced the enormous difference in dealing with it and increased their entire performance.

If you do not believe on the elements they are proclaiming, try acquiring great content on the internet. There are various scientific reports that would show you on the operations of these accessories and on why would it be helpful in your body and individual goals. You may try to inquire medical and sport experts whom you can trust that would be able to explain to you in your level of understanding.

And when you are not still certain, just have a thought and try acquiring one for you to test. Anyway, the finest strategy to validate everything would be to have the real encounter.

Source: http://www.infinitelifefitness.com/2016/06/15/exercise-sos-how-to-prevent-knee-injuries/