Write a Good Literature Review for Your Dissertation

dissertation-writingMany doctoral students have trouble with the literature review of their dissertation. This is particularly true for individuals whose strengths are in designing and constructing empirical research. The literature review is a very important part of the dissertation, however, and students should take care to make sure that they create a polished product. For many people, the literature review is the hardest part of a doctoral-level dissertation report. In fields such as the social sciences and statistics, individuals who are talented in their fields of study may not have quite such an easy time with the skills required to create a really solid literature review. Of course, an effective graduate program will have trained its doctoral candidates in the necessary activities, including research, academic writing, and organization of ideas. Nevertheless, many otherwise solid dissertations end up lacking in overall quality due to a mediocre literature review.

Why Are Literature Reviews Important?

The literature review situates your work in the relevant academic, scientific, and professional contexts. This is important because, in order to have any impact, the research you do needs to be part of a cultural conversation that takes place among everyone working in your area and related areas. If you don’t locate your own work within this conversation, you risk being ignored, no matter how important your work is otherwise. As an analogy, consider a conversation among a group of people at a coffee shop. According to acceptable rules of social interaction, each individual speaks when he or she can find an opportune moment and when what he or she has to say fits into the overall structure and flow of the conversation. If someone says something out of nowhere, or if the other people at the table don’t understand how it’s related, they will probably pass over the comment altogether. In rare instances, if the comment is interesting enough, they might try to find out how it is relevant, but unless it’s something truly new, this isn’t likely to happen.

How to Structure the Literature Review

Luckily, writing a really good literature review is not as daunting as it might seem, and by following a few guidelines and approaching the review in manageable chunks, you can create an excellent product that bolsters the quality and credibility of your report as a whole. In a basic sense, the literature review is just a research paper. In your undergraduate and graduate studies, you have probably written a large number of research papers, so you should be familiar with them. Usually, you are presented with a topic and you must research that paper and write a report presenting and synthesizing your research. The trouble with applying this to literature reviews is that the topic is very broad and no one will provide you with a specific topic. Of course, the general topic of the review is the same as the topic of your doctoral research. What doctoral candidates often don’t understand is how to structure the more specific points within this broad topic.

What to Include in the Literature Review

In deciding what to cover in your literature review, start by making a list of your variables. If you are doing empirical research, this should be easy, as your variables should be determined by your research proposal. In other types of research, this may be more difficult, but should be no trouble if you stick to listing the most important topics and subtopics. This list can serve as a very rough initial outline of your literature review. You will need to synthesize all the existing literature related to each of the variables or topics you have listed. In addition, you may be required by your institution to include research related to methodology.

How to Make the Literature Review Flow

Of course, it isn’t enough to have a series of short essays on the literature related to each subtopic you select for your outline. It is crucial for your literature review to be a single, cohesive whole, rather than a series of disjointed sections. This is probably the most difficult aspect for those who aren’t accomplished writers. In order to make sure that your literature review flows, consider at every step of the writing process how what you are writing relates to your study. It’s important to frequently remind the reader of exactly how and why each item of literature that you review is relevant to your own project. Additionally, in the introduction, summary, and transitions, think about the broad picture that you’d like the literature review to create in the reader’s mind. This will help you build a cohesive paper that updates the reader on the state of the field you are working in, shows a clear need for your study, and explains why your study is an important contribution.

Consider Investing in a Professional Editor

Taking this advice into consideration will greatly improve the quality of your literature review and your dissertation as a whole. Of course, because this document is so important to your education and to your career, it is worthwhile to invest in a professional editor or consultant to help you polish the final version. Many universities have writing centers for this purpose, but an outside opinion can often be useful as well. Above all, don’t assume, as many erroneously do, that the literature review is a required but unimportant element of the dissertation. In many ways, the literature review is the most important part of all.

Tips for Writing a Research Paper

Writing a Research PaperStudents who go in for higher studies will, in most likelihood encounter the need to write and submit a research paper. Many students are anxious about turning in a quality paper as they are inexperienced, but then student days are all about learning and once you have a research paper behind you, you will feel much more confident in the subject of your research. Writing a research paper can be a good learning experience and a rewarding one. Here are some tips on going about writing a research paper.

• A research paper is a formal recording of the findings of a detailed research after evaluating of the sources of information and a critical analysis. It is not just a compilation of all the primary and secondary sources of information related to the research topic. The conclusions of the researcher and his thought process in arriving at these conclusions must be set out concisely.

• A research paper can be an argumentative one or an analytical one. An argumentative paper takes a particular proposition – for example, is a high rate of tax good? – And sets out in detail the pros and cons of the proposition. The author may arrive at a conclusion or leave it open after setting out both sides of the case in detail. An analytical paper evaluates all the sources of information, considers existing propositions or interpretations on the subject and offers the author’s own interpretation.

• Choosing a topic is also important. While sometimes the student can choose from a list of suggested topics, he may also be allowed to choose one of his own. Choosing a topic itself requires some research to be aware of the existing knowledge in that subject and to be aware of the gaps that one can fill with research. The topic can also be fluid and change as the research progresses.

• The student must also be clear as to whom the research is targeted. Is it only intended to be read by the instructor or should it address the larger academic crowd? The paper must add to the existing body of knowledge in the topic of research.

• At the outset itself, it may be helpful to have an outline draft of the research paper so that there will not be too much deviation from the topic. This can also help to give a direction to the research. The draft can be revised any number of times as the research progresses.

Helpful College Application Tips

College Application TipsThe college admissions process can be overwhelming, daunting, and stressful for students and their parents. It can be even more challenging for those without a support system behind them, which is why the information in this article may be particularly useful. It is wise to seek out help when beginning the college application process, so take note.

One important thing to keep in mind is to not let the admissions process overwhelm you. A lot of students let it get the best of them and let the pressure of being accepted and being able to afford it weigh them down. About 70% of college applicants get accepted, and according to a national survey of first year students, about 80% of those students got accepted into their first choice. Some of the stress is overrated, so don’t forget you do need to be mindful of the process, but also to enjoy your senior year. Try not to loose sleep over it.

If you don’t have the support system of family or good friends behind you, utilize the help of a favorite teacher, a coach, or an admissions councilor. They can help read your essays, push you to meet your deadlines, and help you have an understanding of what you need to submit. You would be smart to get as much help as possible.

Don’t forget to use your resources. Use college preparation books, websites, and anything else you can get your hands on. Check to see if your college or university offers any prep courses you can take. Often times these are free and very useful.

Staying organized is key in ensuring you maintain a calm nature. Create a calendar including all the required financial aid and application deadlines on it. Be sure to include any specific details you may need to make sure you don’t forget anything. Take notes and make lists of anything that you could possibly overlook. Write down any and all questions you have, no matter how big or small they may be.

One last helpful tip is to contact a financial aid representative. It doesn’t necessarily need to be the one at the college or university you’re seeking, but even just a local college. They normally have no problem helping a high school student in gaining some information about the process, and giving them an idea of what to expect when they actually do go to seek financial aid.

Again, search out help and utilize any useful information you can get your hands on. College is a great opportunity and you don’t want to pass it up. Your dreams and future goals could depend upon a solid education.

Adults Text And Drive More Often Than Teenagers

The old generation has been quick to blame teenagers for countless social ills, like horrendous fashion sense (and music taste), having an entitlement mentality, lacking the ability to focus on one long term relationship, and the list goes on. With the increasing popularity of smart phones, teenagers are also often blamed for the bad habit of texting while driving, which significantly increases the chance of getting into a car accident. However, a shocking new study done by AT&T has found out that it is actually adults behind the wheel who are more guilty of committing this offence than the teenagers. This has ramifications when it comes to car accidents compensation due to texting while driving.


The “It Can Wait” Campaign

The “It Can Wait” campaign that was launched by AT&T did highlight many of the important problems we should always be aware of. Over 1000 people were surveyed and the result was that close to 50% of them did say they often text and drive. When looking at what the teenagers do, just a little over 40% will text and drive. What is really interesting at the end of the day is that the vast majority of adults, around 98%, will tell you that it is a really bad idea to do this and that it is highly dangerous. Even the launch of the AT&T special phone app for smartphones is most likely not going to help out much.

How Dangerous Is Texting While Driving?

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute explains that texting while involved in driving is indeed a possible cause of car crashes. This is because texting while driving distracts a driver for a period of time between 4 and 5 seconds, enough time to cover a football field length. If there is a sudden change in traffic pace, or an obstacle that suddenly pops up, like a child picking us a stray ball or guy on a motorbike trying to overtake the car, it is highly likely that the driver will fail to actually notice and make the much needed adjustments to avoid the car accident. Even so, although we have scary numbers to look at, adults will still use their phones while they drive because they truly believe they can handle the situation. Many also feel like they want to save time by doing 2 things at the exact same time. Some admitted to feeling anxious if they do not check their phones and text back right away.


Have You Been A Victim of Text and Drive Crash?

Distracted drivers truly can ruin somebody else’s day, or even life. If you have been involved in a car crash that was caused by a driver that was distracted by texting while driving, it is highly advisable that you contact a personal injury lawyer who would represent you in court and make sure you get the financial compensation that you deserve. It is the exact same thing that you would want to do after being hit by a DWI driver, with example of what that means when you click here. After all, recovery from a car crash could take weeks, months, even years. This is true for both the person that caused the accident and for the victims.

Gaining an Understanding of a Brain Injury

If you, a loved one, or someone you know has suffered any kind of brain injury, you may find yourself struggling to understand what to do next. These feelings of confusion are quite normal and are expected. You may also find yourself feeling scared and unsure of what the brain injury means let alone what it is. In order to help you understand, here’s a little summary on some of the different types of brain injuries and whether or not you should hire a brain injury attorney.

What is a brain injury?

In a short answer, a brain injury is an injury that affects your brain. These types of injuries can be caused by a number of reasons. Most cases are caused by accidents involving motor vehicles, falls, blows to the head during a physical assault or altercation or during birth. To learn a little more about the numbers and statistics involved, you’ll want to read the massage from Cohen, Placitella & Roth, P.C. for more.

When a brain injury occurs, the brain itself may suffer a loss or you may find that an increase of swelling around the brain causes further injury. Sometimes brain injuries leave the person affected with a loss of speech, coordination or in the worse of cases, leaves them in a vegetable like state or causes death.

What to do if a brain injury is sustained?

If you or a family member suffers a brain injury that is of no fault of their own, the first step after starting medical care is to hire an experience and qualified brain injury attorney or lawyer. These specialized legal professional will be able to walk you through the legal process while explaining the upcoming steps you’ll need to take. They’ll also serve as your representation, or the representation of your family member both in and out of court.

Why should you hire a brain injury attorney?

As stated above, you’ll find that an attorney on your side means that you’re more likely to have a better understanding of what to do next during your medical case. You’ll also have a much better chance of winning your case as the attorney will know all of the proper paperwork steps to take, as well as know how and when to contact certain individuals. Remember, if you’re suing a doctor or hospital in your brain injury case, they will have an entire team of legal professionals, insurance agents and the hospital administration on their side, making the need for you to have someone on your side very important.

Though the thought of hiring a brain injury attorney may be a bit overwhelming, many times it is a necessary step in your case. Also, in the end, you’ll find that having a lawyer on your side who is both knowledgeable on how to handle the case going forward while presenting a strong law background can be one of the most reassuring things possible. Once you have a lawyer in place, you’re much more likely to win your case, whether it’s in or out of the courts.

Baseball Teaching Tips

Baseball is a unique game. It captures the minds and hearts of millions of people. This game requires constant efforts and focus. Otherwise, even if you are a good player, you will end up losing the game. Therefore, practicing with a strong mind and focus is very much important.

Nevertheless, teaching baseball can be a wonderful experience. Through baseball, you can teach positive lessons to the students. For this, you should be aware of the baseball teaching tips. These days, many schools and colleges are also including this game as a part of their extra-curricular activities. This is because of the advantages of playing this game.

Constant efforts, concentration and right attitude are the key factors in becoming a successful baseball player. More importantly, the player’s attitude should never go wrong. Therefore, train the players effectively, so that they can take up things in a serious manner and constantly focus on them. Making proper decisions throughout the game is very much important, and this requires the right attitude towards the game. As a trainer, observe the playing capacity of each player. Inform the players about their strengths and weakness.

Being the trainer, if you spend more time with the players, they will learn more from you. Develop the internal skills of each player. Never undervalue or misjudge the passion of any player or group. Remember that as a trainer, you are there to assist the player. Train every player to control his or her emotions in the event of a loss. Otherwise, they will get distracted during the game.

Most importantly, motive them on a regular basis as this will make them feel good and energetic. Follow the baseball teaching tips to bring out the best in your players. Furthermore, it will improve the performance level of all the baseball players.

Make Your Students Enjoy Learning With These Music Teaching Tips

Are you a dedicated and inspired music teacher? Do you wish to be remembered by your students as a mentor who has unique and enjoyable teaching strategies? If yes, well, you better make more effort now to venture and engage into a more flexible, student-centered and effective music teaching resources and methods. After all, you will be pleased and overwhelmed with the positive results this may bring as your students get themselves more hooked and excited to attend each of your music classes.

Both music teaching and learning should be fun and exciting. Once a student or a teacher gets bored – feeling that the process has become monotonous day in and out, the academic objectives are not met and the educational purposes are also not served. With this scenario, it will be helpful and practical if there will be fun, innovative and interactive and techniques of teaching music that can surely make learning more productive and fruitful in many ways. As most if not all music teachers around the globe aim to teach and mold active, creative and cooperative students, these music teaching tips are believed to be of great help.

Innovative and Interactive Music Teaching

These music teaching tips involve the integration of technology in each lesson as long as these innovative teaching tools are necessary and relevant. Inclusion of technology in the learning process has been found effective as it hits and targets both the curiosity and interest of the learners. Innovation in an educational setting is widely known as an aid that includes the use of high-tech gadgets, applications and software in teaching – maximizing the use of Internet in the classroom setting.

More so, music teaching is believed to be more appealing to students if they regularly practice and utilize online communication and interaction. As music teachers, you may expose them to online video streaming as they will be uploading their musical pieces, performances, recitals as well as their other musical exercises and activities on the web. You may also get them used to blogging and open to other social networks that can make them establish a good communication line among their classmates and other music students from different places. Truly, these can also be great ways to motivate and inspire them to do more and excel.

To make each student more interested and determined, the music teacher must know how to facilitate and deliver each topic effectively without making his learners experience boredom, pressure or anxious. They say that an effective teacher inspires them to engage and enjoy each classroom activity. He has to bridge the wall between him and his students yet still manage to draw a line for limitations, rules and policies.

Remember that when you are able to do this, you are a certified music teacher not just by profession but also by heart. So, to all inspired and dedicated music teachers out there, hope that these music teaching tips have helped you to continue making a difference specifically on your students’ perceptions towards learning music. Cheers!

Helpful Music Teaching Tips For Highly Motivated Teachers

Are you a music teacher? Do you still have the same motivation from the very first time you land your feet on the music classroom or on the private music studio? Well, if you think that you are losing the drive and the passion in teaching, you have to read on as this post has some helpful music teaching tips. After such, you will surely retrieve what you have just lost – your motivation in teaching music to your students.

Teachers are powerful; they can mold young minds and inspire young hearts. You can influence them with regards to their formation of beliefs, attitudes and personal identity. As you become as powerful as you are, you also need to exert extra effort to be the great example you are expected of. Bear in mind that good and effective teachers are being remembered by their students forever.

However, they say that learning is a two-way process; both the teachers and the students must have the desire, the passion and the motivation to achieve and meet academic excellence. If there are many ways to motivate and inspire students, there are also a hundred ways to create highly motivated teachers. The following are useful music teaching tips for a more effective music teaching.

Teachers job satisfaction

It is believed that teachers perceive their needs and measure their job satisfaction by factors such as participation in decision-making, use of valued skills, freedom and independence, challenge, expression of creativity, and opportunity for learning.

High internal motivation, work satisfaction, and high-quality performance depend on three critical psychological states such as experienced meaningfulness, responsibility for outcomes, and knowledge of results. If they are recognized in many ways, supported in their pursuance for academic excellence as well as financially compensated in terms of monthly salary, benefits and privileges, music teachers will surely love what they do as they are not being taken for granted.

Teachers evaluation.
If music teachers are evaluated by their students as mentors who religiously encourage their learners to study and attend their music classes, no doubt that those words and acts from the students themselves surely make their teachers more inspired and motivated.

More importantly, if music teachers see their learners become better persons who are able to achieve their goals and make their dreams come true as successful individuals, it is more than enough – a very rewarding experience.

It is true that efforts on this objective lies on the part of the school administrators and supervisors or the private music studio owners. They should provide information to help their teachers improve their teaching performance as well as achieve growth in many ways – professionally, emotionally, intellectually and financially.

Accordingly, the school itself should reflect respect for individual worth and dignity by encouraging teachers to set personal and organizational objectives. An evaluation system should also foster imagination and creativity, recognize work well done, and involve both self-appraisal and appraisal of others.

As this post gives you some music teaching tips, you can also find a lot more in different music teacher websites. These pages offer a variety of music teaching tips that can help you become the efficient and effective music teacher you have always dreamed of.

So, look for the most reliable and useful music teacher website to hand you those music teaching tips available today. Have a few clicks now and jumpstart a more successful music teaching career today. Good luck!

Modern Piano Teaching Tips and Resources For Innovative Music Teachers

Are you a traditional music or piano teacher who wants to take his or her teaching career and experience to a higher level? Or do you wish learn and adopt new tricks and tactics into your everyday teaching activities? Well, read on and see how these trendiest piano teaching tips and resources can motivate your learners and inspire you as a music educator.

As music education takes a leap each school year, more and more innovations, modifications and development are being made into its curriculum, method, process and approach. Through rigid and intensive researches conducted by different education professionals and institutions, modern piano teaching and learning has been made more effective, interactive and contemporary.

With the kind of competitive world people live in nowadays, music teachers certainly need piano teaching tips and resources to help them address to the needs and demands of today’s modern learners. Here are some of the most reliable and effective strategies to keep most music teachers out there abreast with the trends in music education.

Integration of multimedia technology in teaching music

The use of multimedia innovations in your daily teaching techniques has been found effective in teaching different subjects in many academes worldwide. Multimedia technology refers to the use of the power of animations, videos, audio and visuals in learning centers, schools and even in private music studios to help students learn concepts of music, piano and other musical instruments.

Through these technologies, music teachers and students can meet the demands of the fast-paced technological world. Both parties can no longer be skeptical about it or get intimidated to use such medium of learning and communication.

One great advantage of using these modern piano teaching tips and resources is their power to take the levels of motivation and interest to the highest peak. They can adopt, respond and participate into such classroom or music studio activities that can go beyond borders of traditional means of teaching and learning.

Online multimedia such as animations, videos and online simulation can encourage students interactions and participations, stimulate auditory and visual senses that can heighten student interest, and be able to convey concepts, inputs, details and other information. Setting up an internet-based learning centers, schools and private music studios can be an effective way to enhance and intensify attention, interest and motivation of the learners.

The following are some of the most highly recommended innovations that music teachers can adopt and include in their teaching methods:

o Music teachers’ and students’ websites

o Music teaching software and programs

o Blogging

o Groups

o Social networking sites

o Online chats, video conferences and electronic mails

These multimedia technologies may seem quite expensive and challenging to many but people from music educational institutions and private music studios should bear in mind that investing into these innovations is indeed worth it – motivating and inspiring both the music teachers and the students, making their lives less complicated and very convenient.

So, keep on updating yourselves with the latest and the trendiest piano teaching tips and resources that are certified effective and efficient to various learners of all ages. Take advantage of posts like this as it aims to bring you more useful updates on making your teaching experience a modern one. Good luck!

3 Secrets Schools Never Teach You To Get Your Research Paper Written Fast

If you are like most students you have too many classes, too much work, and not enough time in which to do it. Unfortunately, schools do not teach students many tips and tricks for writing research papers or term papers quickly. Because of a large course-load or tight time constraints, students sometimes feel pressured to produce a research paper quickly, and without the tools to do it themselves, many times they turn to plagiarism, or buy plagiarized papers, and submitting them as their own. This obviously has a detrimental affect on their education. These three secrets will help you feel prepared in the event you face a looming research paper or term paper deadline.

Secret #1) Topic selection is vitally important to the overall speed at which you ultimately compose your entire paper. Unknown to most students, topic selection has a huge impact on the total time it takes to write any college paper. The best topic (all else being equal) is the one that is easiest and fastest to write a paper about.

The right topic must provide plenty of research materials. If you can’t find sufficient quality resources, you may have to start all over again, or change your thesis statement so you have more to write about. You’ll finish faster overall, if you spend extra time at the beginning of the process researching, planning, and validating your topic.

Secret #2) Perform extremely efficient library research. It is called a research paper, after all. Researching your subject efficiently and effectively is the single most important factor in your overall writing time. The more efficiently you perform research, the more solid resources you’ll find. The more resources to draw from, the easier your paper is to write. The paper quality (and grade) will improve in proportion to the amount and quality of material upon which to draw in support of your thesis statement.

It is also very important to organize your resources efficiently. All of us have had the experience of getting to the paper compiling or writing stage, only to find that we didn’t capture information that we were looking at earlier in the day. Either we didn’t bring the book home from the library, didn’t take proper notes on it, and / or failed to photocopy the materials. It is important to develop an efficient system to:

o capture your findings

o sort through them for relevance

o extract the key data

o save them for later reference

Secret #3) Know when to write an outline, or skip it. Outlines can help you immensely, or be a complete waste of your time, depending on the circumstances. The trick is to identify and understand which situation you are in. This is another area where “traditional” wisdom is dead wrong. High schools and universities always teach that you should write an outline. It is considered (by them) to be a critical step in planning a research paper or term paper.

Outlines are like roadmaps, they show you where you are going. At first glance, this makes sense. On the other hand, how many times do you get into your vehicle without first consulting a map? Did you need it? Probably not; it depends on the length of the trip, and the complexity of the route.

We’ve all had the experience of taking a map on a road trip, using it, and finding ourselves completely confused. It happens all the time, with road trips, and with writing research papers for school. Sometime highly detailed outlines look great! But then you find yourself having a very difficult time making your paper resemble the outline. The harder you try, the more stymied you get. So understanding when to create an outline, and when to skip it, is a real source of confusion.

5 Tips For Writing Introductions For Research Papers

Writing the introduction of a research paper can prove to be difficult if you do not follow a systematic way of doing it. The truth is, it is easy to compose one as long as you follow a guide.

Presumably, you need information on how to write the introduction when you are preparing your research proposal. But there are researchers who prefer to write the introduction after they have finished the research activity.

The five tips below apply to the former situation, that is, for those who intend to come up with their research proposal.

1. Have a focus topic.

Writing a research paper requires a focus topic. State the specific issue that you would want to focus your research on.

For example, if you are interested on the extent of damage caused by marshland conversion into housing subdivisions, then your focus topic will revolve around this environmental concern. You can narrow this down further by looking into the value of ecological services lost due to marshland conversion into housing subdivisions.

Your focus topic should be reflected in the title of your research paper.

2. Prepare an outline.

An outline serves as the framework of your introduction. You can start by just randomly writing words or phrases of ideas that you intend to expound on and then arrange them logically.

For example, the introduction based on the focus topic above may be outlined thus:

  • ecological functions of marshlands
  • goods and services derived by man from marshlands
  • synthesis of literature on the value of marshlands
  • rate of conversion of marshlands for the past decade
  • impact of the conversion to wildlife living in the marshlands

Visualize a capital letter ‘V’ in your arrangement of the topics. This means that you write your introduction from a general to specific point of view or deductive perspective.

3. Point out the gaps in knowledge.

What has been done so far about your research paper’s concern? Did somebody attempt to study a similar concern before? If there are studies done ahead of you, explain why your study is different, unique and important.

Reserve the details of the review of literature section in the main body of your research paper. Your discussion in the introduction will just highlight the critical issues that need to be elucidated.

For example, you may write:

Although previous studies noted the adverse effects of wetland conversion into housing subdivisions, no attempt was made to impute monetary value to loss of ecological services. Hence, it is difficult to quantify the costs and benefits of wetland conversion to accommodate human needs for housing.

4. Write the objective/s of your research paper.

This is a critical part of your introduction. What do you really want to achieve in your research paper after having extensively reviewed relevant literature?

Based on the focus topic identified earlier, you might want to have the following as your objectives:

  • The objective of this research paper is to determine the monetary value of ecological services lost due to the conversion of marshlands into housing subdivisions.
  • This study attempts to identify the specific wildlife affected by housing development.

5. Explain how you will resolve the problem.

Since there is a gap in knowledge, what are the specific things you will do to bridge or fill in the gap? This part of your introduction will tell the reader how you intend to resolve the problem or meet the objectives. At the end of the study what are the expected outcomes?

Try to write as concisely as possible without leaving out important details. A two or three page introduction will be sufficient to explain the contents of your research paper. But the length, of course, entirely depends on the issue or concern you are investigating. Make your writing tight.

Essentially, the introduction is a summary or overview of the whole research paper. It provides information on what to expect when the paper is read in full.